According to legend, Ancient Rome was founded by the two brothers, and demi-gods, Romulus and Remus, on 21 April BCE. The legend claims that, in an argument over who would rule the city (or, in another version, where the city would be located) Romulus killed Remus and named the city after himself. This story of. The founding of Rome can be investigated through archaeology, but traditional stories handed down by the ancient Romans themselves explain the earliest history of their city in terms of legend and myth. The most familiar of these myths, and perhaps the most famous of all Roman myths, is the story of Romulus and Remus, Founding myths · Date · The name of Rome · Archaeology. Interdisciplinary approaches to the classical world have long been lauded as a means of fully comprehending a particular time and place. Rea's book, an easy read for classicists in all disciplines, integrates both literary and archaeological evidence to form a balanced base from which to analyze the works of Augustus and.